- A design method that emulates natural ecosystems to help us in shifting our impact from destructive to regenerative -
"There is one, and only one, solution, and we have almost no time to try it. We must turn all our resources to repairing the natural world, and train all our young people to help. They want to; we need to give them this last chance to create forests, soils, clean waters, clean energies, secure communities, stable regions, and to know how to do it from hands-on experience." ~ Bill Mollison
“The greatest change we need to make is from consumption to production, even if on a small scale, in our own gardens. If only 10% of us do this, there is enough for everyone. Hence the futility of revolutionaries who have no gardens, who depend on the very system they attack, and who produce words and bullets, not food and shelter.”
~ Bill Mollison
Permaculture is a territorial design system developed since the seventies by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in Australia, which harmoniously integrates man with the environment and its resources, drawing from various disciplines such as architecture, biology, agriculture, forestry, environmental engineering. It is a method for designing and managing man-made landscapes so that they are able to meet the needs of the population such as food, shelter and energy in a sustainable way and at the same time present the resilience, wealth and stability of natural ecosystems.
learning from the aboriginal teaching of “living with the land not off it”~Tom Dystra, Aboriginal elder
By denying the agricultural history, European colonisers claimed that Australia was Terra Nullius.
Historians, writers and academics are now rethinking Australia's perception of Indigenous land management. They argue that the first Australians had complex systems of agriculture that went far beyond the hunter-gatherer tag. “They were, in fact, our first farmers, whose intimate knowledge of managing native plants and animals sustained them for thousands of years”~ B. Pascoe, Aboriginal writer.
'Aborigines using fire to hunt kangaroos', by convict artist Joseph Lycett, c1820, watercolour and gouache
on paper. (National Library of Australia)
Moreover, thanks to their organization in semi-nomadic communities and villages, the traditional Aboriginal economy was much more complex and varied than many think, with finely built domes, methods of collecting and storing seeds to prolong the season of many months, as well aquaculture systems with fish traps, all designed in a perfectly integrated way with the ecosystem.
Is it too late for us to learn from Aboriginal people how to care for our wide and colourful land, and how to tread lightly on its surface?
The semi nomadic Aboriginal culture, their profound knowledge and connection with the land and the Australian wild extended territory, perfectly favour the hypothesis of new forms of semi nomadic and resilient communities. Learning from them we can create a more resilient, sustainable and connected world, designing a system that reduces our impact and creates more diversity, both ecological and cultural.
Through Permaculture principles and an integrated design inspired by Indigenous Australian, the freeDOME "AgriCamp" represents a Resilient Community model (Flexible, Collaborative and self Organized), in which individuals, in synergy with nature, contribute to the supply of the main ecosystem services, including:
- soil conservation (Agroecology-Permaculture)
- water management and purification (Yeoman keyline system-swales-ponds)
- food production (Permaculture zones 1-2-3-4 - food forest)
- oxygenation and air purification (Native Plants)
- conservation of biodiversity (ecological corridor - useful insect farms)
- energy production and shelter (freeDOME bioPOD Reg.No.364381)
in a healthy and circular system in which consumption is reduced, waste is recycled, resources are renewed and the rhythms have slowed down.
Especially in this moment when the world is seeking for sustainable solutions, this model can be used as Research, training and innovation centers for the ecological and social recovery of urban, peri-urban and rural territories in transition.
The project applies all the Permaculture principles: